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J. J. Keller Support Center

Canadian vs. U.S. Comparison

Canada’s mandate closely follows the U.S. rules and operability requirements, which was a very intentional move by Transport Canada. While the ELD operability requirements are very similar, there are a few notable differences between each country’s regulations.

  Canada United States


Effective June 12, 2021, with educational enforcement to January 1, 2023

Mandate adopted Dec. 2015; mandate effective Dec. 2017; grandfathering for carriers using AOBRDs ends Dec. 2019


ELD 3rd party certification

ELD provider self-certification


Limited exemptions for: drivers operating under a permit or statutory exemption; drivers operating a rental CMV for 30 days or less; drivers operating CMVs manufactured before the year 2000; drivers operating within 160 km of home terminal and meeting all conditions

Drivers operating a rental CMV for 8 days or less; pre-2000 exemption is the same as Canada; also multiple industry/situational exemptions


Compliance with the limits must be tracked and driver must be warned 30 minutes before reaching a limit

U.S. devices must only record, no warning required

Yard Moves

If the vehicle reaches 32 kph (20 mph) in yard move status, the ELD will automatically switch to driving.

Driver must manually switch


14 days to replace or, if the trip is longer than 14 days, upon return to the terminal; carrier must keep records of malfunctions

Up to 8 days allowed, no recordkeeping requirement

Roadside enforcement

-Display or print the record of duty status; email records upon request by enforcement

-Bluetooth/USB transfer is an option, not mandatory

-Display or printout or Bluetooth/USB/web/email is required (must transfer using one of 4 methods)

-Email direct to officer is not an option.

North of 60N

Device must have the ability to change when crossing 60N (to Yukon and Northwest Territories)

Not applicable

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